Commodity Trading

Commodity trading is defined as the purchase and sale of raw materials or primary goods that include such things as gold, oil, wheat, and coffee. These are basic goods that can be substituted for other goods of their kind and are usually used in large quantities either for production, consumption, or investment purposes. Commodities trading happens through futures contracts, spot markets, and global commodity exchanges. It is a key aspect of globalization that affects industries, economies, and customers globally. Commodity trading permits stakeholders to manage risk, speculate on price movements, and be involved in heterogeneous investments across various sectors.

How Commodity Trading Works

India offers an excellent environment for investing in stocks through its stock markets, and its commodity markets are also considered among the safest investment options. Dealers post bids and offers to exchanges, which display them along with the sale prices. The Indian commodity market is divided into three main segments. Firstly, stock exchanges provide a platform where buyers and sellers of goods can meet. These facilities keep an up-to-date inventory list that reflects changes in supply and demand. Commodities can be traded on the exchange floor, through a broker, or online from a home computer. Secondly, brokers play a vital role in India's commodities market, acting as intermediaries between buyers and sellers. They take risks and use their own capital under contractual agreements with clients. Lastly, forward contracts are used in commodity trading. These contracts allow farmers to sell to exporters or importers, helping them hedge against price fluctuations.

crude oil price

Types of Commodities

Different types of commodities are traded in India on a number of platforms, such as physical markets, commodity exchanges, and online platforms. These are some examples of the different kinds of products which are usually bought and sold in India:

Agricultural Commodities

In India, agricultural produce is a varied group of goods that are traded and include basic food items like cereals (wheat, rice), legumes (lentils, chickpeas) and oilseeds (soybeans, mustard). Moreover, the trade in spices such as turmeric, cumin and cardamom, as well as cash crops like cotton and tea, is quite active. These commodities play an important role in the Indian economy, signifying its strength in agriculture and cultural values. This necessitates the establishment of various platforms where these products can be sold, which has significantly contributed to domestic consumption in the country as well as international trade dynamics.


Metals that are traded include the precious metals and the base ones. Rarity and investment value mark gold, silver and platinum as a case of precious metals. On the other hand, industries mainly use copper, aluminum, zinc and nickel, which are essential to sectors such as construction and manufacturing. World economic dynamics, geopolitical issues and industrial needs determine how those commodities are dealt with. Thus, they play an important role in the global economy. They are traded on various platforms, among which include commodity exchanges, which provide opportunities for investments and hedging against market fluctuations.


Products like petrol, diesel, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), crude oil, and natural gas are all energy commodities. These resources are necessary for running industries, transport systems plus homes. Various petroleum products come from crude oil while natural gas is used for heating, electricity production and in manufacturing processes. Globally, vehicles run on refined petroleum products including petrol, diesel and LPG among other essential fuels used for cooking that support daily life and economic activities.

Benefits of Commodity Trading

Commodity trading has several advantages for investors and market participants:

brent crude price

Diversification of Portfolio

Commodity trading enables an investor to diversify his/her portfolio beyond conventional assets such as stocks and bonds. Therefore, commodities have a low or negative correlation with other asset classes, thus reducing the overall risk of a portfolio.

ncdex live

Speculative Opportunities

There are many speculative opportunities available in commodity markets where one can make a profit. Traders may take advantage of price fluctuations caused by factors such as weather, geopolitical events, supply and demand, among others, that affect commodity prices.

mcx share price


Many commodities markets have a high level of liquidity that makes it possible for traders to get in and out of positions easily. Thus, traders can transact without causing significant distortions in the market prices.

nat gas price

Global Exposure

The trade of commodities is global thereby providing investors with exposure to different regions and economies. This exposure      globally helps reduce risks while capturing perspectives that emerge from diverse world market situations. 

ncdex live 24

Physical Asset Ownership

Some investments in commodities involve holding physical goods like gold bars, farm produce or energy resources. It is a form of value store rather than a financial asset, making it more secure for investors

cost of crude oil

Risk Management for Producers and Consumers

Alternatively, producers and consumers use commodity futures contracts to manage price risks. Farmers might use futures contracts to guarantee good crop prices before they harvest, while manufacturers can protect themselves from rising raw material costs through hedging techniques offered by derivative exchanges.

brent north sea crude price


Information on supply-demand dynamics, as well as pricing patterns, is usually available, thus rendering these markets transparent. Investors could, therefore, be guided by such transparency toward better decision-making about their investments besides knowing the way how the market operates effectively.

cost of brent crude

Regulatory Oversight

Fairness & orderliness within which trading of commodities occurs is enhanced through regulation. Regulators create rules and regulations that safeguard investors in addition to ensuring market integrity.

What do we Offer?

  • Tools and frameworks for creating and testing algorithmic trading strategies
  • MCX orders deployment platform
  • Allows users to execute limit and stop loss limit orders in commodity trading
  • Allows users to build their own strategies
  • Provides real-time insights across major market segments
cotton mcx

Strategies in Commodity Trading

Strategies in commodity trading encompass various means and methods employed by traders to make money from the fluctuations that occur in commodity markets. Here is a brief description of some popular strategies:

  • Speculation vs. Hedging:
    When it comes to speculation in commodity trading, what happens is that people buy or sell contracts with the main aim of making profits out of price movements without necessarily intending to take actual physical delivery. In terms of future price movement estimations, speculative traders depend on market analysis, such as fundamental factors or technical indicators. They thrive on price instability and unreliability in order to make money. While hedgers use derivatives in order to manage risks, speculators take risks in order to gain. Commodity speculation increases liquidity and reflects market expectations by defining prices for commodities.
  • Trend-following Strategies:
    Commodity trading trend-tracker strategies bank on existing prices which are based on historical data and technical indicators. Breakouts and trend continuation patterns are often used for market momentum riding in the case of trend-following strategies. The direction of the trend is usually gauged by analyzing such indicators as moving averages and momentum oscillators. After that, they enter into positions that align with this direction, expecting to benefit from both positive and negative price moves. These strategies, therefore, aim at taking advantage of the continuity of price trends until when there are signals of reversal or exhaustion.
  • Mean-reversion Strategies:
    Commodity trading trend-tracker strategies bank on existing prices which are based on historical data and technical indicators. Breakouts and trend continuation patterns are often used for market momentum riding in the case of trend-following strategies. The direction of the trend is usually gauged by analyzing such indicators as moving averages and momentum oscillators. After that, they enter into positions that align with this direction, expecting to benefit from both positive or negative price moves. These strategies, therefore, aim at taking advantage of the continuity of price trends until when there are signals of reversal or exhaustion.

Features of Commodity Trading

Commodity trading involves the buying and selling of raw materials or primary agricultural products. Here are some essential aspects to consider:

  • Standardization: 
    These kinds of commodities have standardized grades and specifications which ensure consistency across deals. Trading is easier due to this standardization because the buyers and sellers will      quickly agree on quality and quantity.
  • Futures Contracts: 
    One of the major ways commodities are traded is through futures contracts. Futures contracts, for example, specify a future delivery date and price for the underlying commodity. With this kind of agreement, producers can protect themselves from price volatility since they know they have a ready market at an agreed price, while consumers know that they will always get supplies even if prices rise beyond their reach.
  • Leverage: 
     In addition, leverage is usually employed in trading commodity futures which enables traders to handle substantial positions      through little capital. Although it can amplify profits it also increases risks thus potential losses.
  • Global Market: 
    Commodity markets operate globally with prices influenced by factors like supply-demand dynamics, geopolitical events, weather conditions, economic indicators among others; such means that commodity prices tend to be volatile.
  • Speculation and Investment:
    Producers, consumers, speculators, investors are all participants within the commodity market where they either speculate or invest on commodities according to whichever suits them best at any given time. Sometimes speculators aim at making quick profits out of short-term price fluctuations whereas investors may diversify their portfolios with commodities among others.
  • Physical Delivery and Cash Settlement: 
    Finally, certain futures contracts result in physical delivery, while many more end in cash settlement. Parties settle on a cash basis rather than the actual commodity when it comes to a cash settlement.

Disadvantages of Trading in Commodities

Commodities have several advantages that make them an attractive investment prospect, but you should also be aware of the disadvantages to help you make a well-informed decision on whether or not to invest in them.

  • Volatility: 
    The prices of commodities can change suddenly because of political disturbances, weather variations and economic indicators. Such volatility would affect traders who are not ready to manage risks appropriately as they cause loss.
  • Scarcity of Diversification: 
    Commodities trading may necessitate specialization and is generally less diversified compared to other asset classes such as equities or bonds. Relying so much on commodities exposes traders to the risk peculiar to specific industries thereby making it impossible for them to spread their risks across different sectors or industries.
  • Complex Fundamentals: 
    Understanding what drives commodity prices requires an understanding of many factors such as supply-demand balance, weather patterns, geopolitical tensions and currency movements. For novice traders especially, this may be a difficult and time-consuming exercise because accurately analyzing these factors might be complicated.
  • Leverage and Margin Risks:
    In addition, there are several platforms that allow leverage in this market that enables traders to control positions that far exceed their capital base. Thus, even though using leverage might enlarge earnings it will as well lead to magnifying losses hence exposing traders to jeopardizing losses above initial investments made.
  • Regulatory Risks: 
     Commodity markets are regulated by government agencies that can restrict or step into the market when they feel there is a need for stability or when certain imbalances arise. Regulatory changes, as well as government policies, often have impacts on market dynamics, therefore influencing the manner in which trade strategies should be approached.
  • Global Economic Factors: 
     Commodity prices are affected by global economic factors such as inflation, growth and interest rates. This means that a      change in these aspects can lead to a shift in the demand of commodities hence influencing their prices, making this type of trading more prone to macroeconomic uncertainties.
  • Liquidity Constraints:
     Sometimes commodity markets may not be as liquid as other mainstream financial assets leading to bigger spreads between buying and selling prices along with higher transaction costs. Furthermore, they become illiquid making it hard for one to enter or exit positions at desirable levels particularly during periods when markets are highly stressed.
  • Environmental and Ethical Concerns:
      Some examples for these include fossil fuels or conflict minerals which might raise environmental issues or ethical concerns. Such goods will expose traders to reputational risks or even moral dilemmas especially if they have particular sustainability or ethical criteria in mind.


For investors, the commodity markets are an opportunity to make extra money and also to own more than just stocks or bonds. Nonetheless, if you want to make a profit from trading in commodities, you must be aware of its drawbacks, and your steps should be well-planned. Rather than being governed by sentiments or inclinations, one should always base their decisions on information about the main facts in place as well as strategies. Learning platforms like Bigul Stock Market provide information that can empower individuals with knowledge on how they can trade commodities. Therefore, for novices or advanced traders who are interested in refining their skills in the field of merchandise trading. If you're interested in exploring more about the stock market, consider using the user-friendly Bigul trading platform. With Bigul, you can access a range of tools and resources to enhance your trading experience and achieve your financial goals.

Download Bigul Trading App!

Supercharge your trading on the go with the Bigul Trading App! Download now for instant access to cutting-edge features, real-time insights, and unparalleled convenience.

Bigul Integration


Commodities are products or goods like metals, food, energy, etc., which are used in our everyday lives. Metals, energy, agriculture, livestock, and meat are the four main types of commodities.

Worldwide, raw oil is the most unpredictable kind of good.

Can help you to grow your portfolio and beat the inflation and unpredictable market events such as wars over resources, riots etc can be mitigated through commodity trading.

Because they have an inverse relationship with equities, therefore commodity derivatives provide a very good tool for hedging equity positions.

However, as it depends on demand and supply factors that cause high volatility among commodities, geopolitical tensions or conflicts, even in the slightest manner, could lead to devastating impacts on the prices of these goods. So that investors should be cautious when doing business with this market.

Subscribe now to get
latest market updates


Let's Open Free Demat Account