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Juniper Hotels Ltd. Hotels ₹455.00 0.10 (0.02)% ₹418.15 ₹10123.90 equity
NDR InvIT Trust Others ₹101.40 -2.35 (-2.27)% ₹103.50 ₹131.50 equity
Deem Roll-Tech Ltd. Iron & Steel Products ₹102.00 -0.55 (-0.54)% ₹89.90 ₹85.00 equity
GPT Healthcare Ltd. Healthcare Facilities ₹165.35 -2.01 (-1.20)% ₹141.75 ₹1356.80 equity
Purv Flexipack Ltd. Containers & Packaging ₹168.45 -1.55 (-0.91)% ₹189.95 ₹353.50 equity
Sadhav Shipping Ltd. Shipping ₹237.70 -11.60 (-4.65)% ₹201.95 ₹341.20 equity
Owais Metal and Mineral Processing Ltd. Iron & Steel/Interm.Products ₹1325.00 -1.50 (-0.11)% ₹1190.00 ₹2409.20 equity
Platinum Industries Ltd. Specialty Chemicals ₹236.54 -6.11 (-2.52)% ₹191.75 ₹1299.20 equity
Exicom Tele-Systems Ltd. Electric Utilities ₹445.05 -6.50 (-1.44)% ₹303.40 ₹5377.30 equity
Bharat Highways InvIT REITs-InvITs ₹106.59 0.62 (0.59)% ₹106.64 ₹4721.30 equity

What is Equity?

Equity is the value of a company's shares held by an investor in financial markets. It is important to the shareholders because it allows them to invest and have a share in the business's success. Think of it as individuals holding stakes in companies they are interested in. Equity gives individuals the ability to be involved in the development and wealth creation of our economy through stocks and other investments. Knowing what equity means will help us navigate through complicated finance systems and make wise investment choices. The value of equity fluctuates based on various factors, including the company's performance, market conditions, and investor sentiment. Investing in equity can offer the potential for capital appreciation through increases in stock prices and may also provide income through dividends, which are distributions of profits to shareholders. 

equity meaning

How Shareholder Equity Works?

Investors who desire to acquire shares in a company should learn about shareholder equity. Shareholder equity refers to the part of a company's assets that belongs to its shareholders after subtracting all the debts. It is calculated by subtracting total liabilities from total assets. This measurement shows how healthy a business is financially and indicates how much money shareholders would get if it was wound up. High amounts of shareholder's funds indicate a strong financial state. Stock appreciation through pricing and voting rights on major corporate decisions are two ways of benefiting from investing in equity shares, though investors need to consider their risk tolerance levels before buying because stocks are generally volatile and thus can result in losses too.

equity shares

Types of Equity

Common Stock

Common Equity refers to the ownership interest of common shareholders in a company, which may have different voting power. They are entitled to dividends from the company's earnings, though this amount is flexible and can change depending on the firm's performance. Upon liquidation, common equity owners have a residual claim on assets, which means they will receive what is left over after all claims from liabilities have been satisfied, as well as those preferred shareholders' claims have been settled with.

Preferred Equity

The preferred shares are given fixed dividends and have priority over common shareholders. Unlike common stocks, voting rights are not usually given to the owners of these kinds of securities. When a company goes bankrupt, preferred shareholders have a larger stake in its assets, which increases its safety level. This kind of equity also pays a constant dividend and, therefore, provides stable income to investors. Preferred equity is frequently favoured by income-seeking investors who desire some stability but little possibility of capital gain compared with common stock.

Private Equity

Private equity is the process of investing in private companies that are not publicly traded, and these investments are generally made by private equity firms that bring together various sources like financial institutions and rich persons. One major objective for private equity is to increase the value of invested companies. Private investment firms can use strategies like operational enhancements, strategic acquisitions or financial restructuring. Eventually, they intend to exit their investments through selling their companies or public offerings (IPO).

Public Equity

Public equity refers to ownership in companies that are listed on public markets. To achieve this, these firms sell their stocks to the public for purchase or sale at stock exchanges. Public equity investments provide liquidity to shareholders because they have the option of selling their shares easily or buying more. Public equity investment allows investors to take part in the success and growth of publicly companies which are affected by market fluctuations impacted on by economic conditions, industry trends and firm's performance among others.

Venture Capital

Venture capital is the investment in early-stage businesses that have a high growth potential. Venture capitalists put their money into startups and take up a share of their stock, expecting to get huge profits. They are important for startups that have no access to traditional financing, as they provide fuel for innovation and entrepreneurship at the early stages of business development. In addition to injecting funds, venture capitalists act as strategic advisors and mentors for startups' success. Although investing in venture capital carries enormous risks due to uncertainties associated with startups, successful ventures can bring huge returns for investors.

Advantages of Investing in Equity Shares

Equity investment has numerous benefits, such as this to individuals who invest in equity shares.

  • High Returns: Investing in shares can give investors high returns in the form of dividends and capital appreciation. Compared to fixed-income investments like bonds or savings accounts, equity shares have the potential to generate significantly higher returns over time. 
  • Easy to Invest:  he investments are easy to make. When an individual wants to buy stocks, he/she can hire a stockbroker or engage a financial planner who can give them advice on how and where best to invest their money.
  • Beats Inflation: Inflation can timely wipe out the purchasing power of your money over time. Equity shares have historically outperformed inflation in the long term, which means your investment can grow faster than inflation, preserving and potentially increasing your buying power.
  • Dividend Income: Some companies share a portion of their profits with shareholders through dividends. This provides you with a regular stream of income in addition to any capital gains you may earn from the stock price appreciation.
  • Diversification: By purchasing Equity shares, it allow you to diversify your investment portfolio across different companies and industries. This helps to spread out your risk and potentially improve your overall return.
  • Limited Liability:   As a shareholder, your liability is limited to the amount you invested in the shares. This means that if the company goes bankrupt, you won't be on the hook for its debts beyond what you've already invested.

What We Offers

  • Execute your Equity Share order on BSE or NSE.
  • Expert guidance on equity investment strategies.
  • Access to a wide range of equity investment opportunities.
  • Regular updates and analysis on market trends and investment opportunities.
  • Dedicated customer support to help you throughout your investment journey.
equity meaning in hindi


In finance, equity refers to the ownership interest or stake that a person or organization has in an asset or company. It is the residual interest in the assets of the entity after deducting liabilities. In essence, equity refers to owning something or a right to some assets and profit of a business. Shareholders are also referred to as equity holders, who have interests in the company's fortunes and exercise certain corporate powers through voting. In financial markets, stocks, mutual funds, and ETFs (exchange-traded funds), among other investment vehicles, can be traded for equity items.

Who Should Consider Investing in Equities?

An individual has a variety of reasons for investing in stock. People who are willing to take risks for potentially higher profits may be attracted to this type of investment. In addition, equities can be seen as an essential part of the strategy for those who have a long-term view on their investments and seek rapid wealth accumulation or significant growth of their portfolios. Also, equities offer investors the chance to diversify themselves by spreading risk across various industry groups, economic sectors, and geographical regions at large. Moreover, stocks that pay out dividends may serve as sources of passive income, thereby rendering them suitable for persons who want regular cash inflow from their investments through buying shares. Whatever your level of expertise in investments is, it is important that you bear in mind your financial objectives, how much risk you can tolerate, and your age before deciding whether or not to invest in Equities.

Disadvantages of Investing in Equities

Some of these are:

  • Market Risk: he returns on equity shares may be high, but they are exposed to high risks compared to such other investment options as debt instruments. By investing in equity shares, one may stand a chance of losing the whole      investment corpus.
  • Performance Risks: Equity investments are based on market conditions and hence can fail to meet the expectations of an investor. This is known as performance risk, which affects individual stocks or even the entire sector.
  • Risk of Inflation: As inflation takes hold and a company's worth diminishes, its shares cannot hope to produce any potential returns.
  • Risks associated with liquidity: Liquidity risk means that investors might have to sell their shares at prices much lower than the fair market value. The occurrence of liquidity risk is when a business fails to settle its short-run borrowing obligations.
  • Short-term fluctuation Investment in equities can be negative in the short term, particularly because of short-term market pull back. Sometimes, the market corrects itself, usually when it gets stretched to the extent level.

Features of Equity

Equity has some unique features that differentiate it from other sources of finance and investments. Here are a few prominent features


Ownership Stake

Equity is a distribution of the company's ownership to investors as partial owners. Such ownership entitles them to receive assets and earnings in proportion to their investments. Basically, stakeholders have a right over the firm's worth and performance as an expression of their fraction of ownership. This characteristic differentiates equity from other financing alternatives like debt, where investors become lenders instead of the owners of firms.

dei meaning

Residual Claim

Equity investors have last rights to the firm's assets. They have the rights to what is left in liquidation after all other claims on a company's assets are settled. That is, if any company goes bankrupt and its assets are sold off to pay off creditors, equity holders will be entitled to whatever remains if anything. This highlights the higher risk of equity investments since they rank below debt obligations in terms of claims on a firm's property.

equity capital

Voting Rights

Shareholders usually possess equity, which helps them participate in decision-making within a company. For example, they are given power to vote on matters like selection of board members, mergers and acquisitions as well as other major corporate policies. Votes per shareholder are usually proportionate to their ownership in the company enabling big shareholders to dominate decision making processes. As a result, shareholders who have this kind of equity can influence the firm's direction.

shareholders equity

Dividend Potential

Equity investors may receive dividends, which are recompenses that companies pay to shareholders from profits. However, these dividends are not assured and depend on the directors' will of the company. On the other hand, some can reduce or increase depending on several factors such as profitability and business policy. As a result, dividends form part of the total return potential for equity investments.

brand equity meaning

Capital Appreciation

The value of equity investments can be appreciated, which means that it has the potential to appreciate over time.  This happens due to positive changes in investor sentiment toward the stock, company earnings growth and expansion into new markets. For investors, these price increases are a major contributor to their total returns on investment from owning equities.

equity capital meaning

Risk and Return

Compared to debts, equity investments face higher risk as a result of their being prone to changes in the performance of an enterprise and the stock prices. This risk is borne by shareholders and can cause them to make losses if the company doesn't perform well or if market conditions deteriorate. Nevertheless, this risk is rewarded with a potentially elevated return on equity, indicating a greater risk premium that investors demand for putting money into stocks rather than safer financial instruments, including bonds.

equity meaning in english


Equities are frequently liquid, which means they can be bought or sold easily in the financial markets. This liquidity offers investors opportunities to change their investment portfolios based on changing market conditions, investment objectives and personal circumstances. In contrast with some other forms of investments, including private equity and certain types of real estate that have restricted liquidity, having the ease with which shares can be converted into ready cash is a significant benefit for investors who want to take advantage of any occasion or control dangers.


Equity is a fundamental concept in finance, representing ownership stakes in companies and assets. It plays a crucial role in allowing individuals to invest in and benefit from the success of businesses. Equity comes in various forms, including common stock, preferred equity, private equity, public equity, and venture capital, each with its own characteristics and advantages. Investing in equity shares offers numerous benefits, such as high returns, easy accessibility, inflation-beating potential, dividend income, diversification, and limited liability. Overall, learning about equity helps individuals to make financial choices and contributes to the growth of the economy. You've learned a lot about equity in finance and how important it is for the economy. Remember, knowing about equity helps you make smart decisions with your money and helps the economy grow. To keep learning about finance, check out our platform, Bigul, where you can learn and earn all the money free of cost.

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Discover all you need to know effortlessly with our frequently asked questions—your go-to resource for answers.

Equity means that you own part of a company, usually through shares, which gives the shareholders a legal entitlement to its property and earnings.

While debts are obligations, equities mean ownership of a business.

Investors can benefit from owning stocks by making money when the stock price goes up or when dividends are distributed which will hopefully be more than what might come with bonds or other fixed income investments.

Equity investment may result in a loss of principal due to market volatility, issuer-specific factors, or liquidity issues.

The ways to find out how much interest it represents include fundamental analysis - an assessment of a company's future prospects and financial condition - as well as technical analysis - discovering previous price trends so that future ones are forecasted.

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